Good policy is built on good ideas. Here you find ETNO’s top reports and studies, including facts and figures from our Annual Economic Reports. ETNO works with leading consultants, academics and thinkers such as the Boston Consulting Group, Accenture, IPSOS, Analysys Mason, CRIDS Uni Namur, Paris Tech and many others.

If you want to read our position papers and responses to public consultations, you can click here instead.

  • Reports

    The Evolution of Data Growth: Evaluating the trends fueling data consumption in European markets in Europe

    31 May, 2023 Read more
  • Reports

    Annual Report 2022

    29 May, 2023 Read more
  • Reports

    The State of Digital Communications 2023


    1 February, 2023 Read more
  • Reports

    Study on the impact of the Data Act proposal on European telecom operators

    Following the publication of the European Commission’s Data Act proposals in February 2022, ETNO, the European Telecommunications Network Operators’ Association, commissioned LE Europe, in partnership with Plum Consulting and Wiggin LLP, to produce a study on the impact of the Data Act proposal on European telecom operators.

    The study investigated how the proposed new rules will affect the – existing and emergent – business models operated by ETNO members in the business-to-business (B2B), business-to-consumer (B2C) business-to government (B2G) and cloud and edge computing markets. Evidence for the study was gathered through a survey and interviews with ETNO members. The research was carried out over the summer of 2022.

    25 October, 2022 Read more
  • Reports

    Expert study by Brattle Group on “Efficiencies in telecommunication network cooperations and mergers”

    Europe’s digital infrastructure is undergoing a once-in-a-decade upgrade. At a time when citizens, businesses and political leaders acknowledge the critical importance of availability of digital services, Europe’s telecom operators are at the peak of the 5G investment cycle. Concurrently, Europe is facing complex crises and uncertainty, but one item on the EU agenda is rooted: achieving the “2030 Digital Decade” targets.

    A new expert study published today by Brattle Group and commissioned by ETNO, titled “Efficiencies in Telecommunication Network Cooperations and Mergers” explores a wide range of efficiencies that could benefit European citizens and society. The efficiencies identified by Brattle Group go beyond merger proceedings (including efficiencies of cost, quality and infrastructure rollout) and explore further cooperation agreements and out-of-market efficiencies.

    The main findings of the expert study are summarised below in a video interview with Kai-Uwe Kühn, Professor of Economics at the University of East Anglia, and Academic Advisor at Brattle Group:

    Read the latest Brattle Group study for ETNO for more insights.

    11 October, 2022 Read more
  • Reports

    Europe’s internet ecosystem: socio-economic benefits of a fairer balance between tech giants and telecom operators

    Over the last decade, Internet use has become essential in the daily life of millions of Europeans, with data traffic consumption growing at double digits annually. This evolution has been supported by a massive transformation of fixed and mobile telecom networks, from the prevalent copper and 3G-based solutions of the early 2010s, to much more advanced Very High-Capacity Networks (‘VHCN’), including FTTH and 5G, consumers can now benefit from.

    2 May, 2022 Read more
  • Reports

    The State of Digital Communications 2022

    Executive Summary

    State of digi cover 2022Europe reaches key 5G and fibre milestones, but lags global peers
    • In 2021, for the first time, FTTH coverage in Europe has passed the 50% mark and reached 51.6% of the total next generation access (NGA) connections
    • The percentage of population covered by 5G in Europe has almost doubled between 2020 and 2021, reaching 62% last year compared to 30% the previous year
    • However, all global peers have much higher shares of the population covered, with the US reaching 93.1% and South Korea reaching 93.9% coverage in 2021.

    2 February, 2022 Read more
  • Reports

    Shaping Policies to Support Investment in Very High Capacity Networks

    Executive summary

    About this Report

    Very High Capacity Networks (VHCN) lie at the heart of European Commission (EC) policy for the next decade (Digital Decade) and are essential for ensuring that Europe has resilient, secure and trustworthy digital infrastructure to underpin future prosperity. Upgraded networks are also integral to supporting the European Green Deal objectives and empower European citizens and businesses to promote rights and freedoms (supporting leisure, expression and interaction with public administration).

    The EC has recently adopted ambitious Digital Compass targets of both full gigabit fibre network coverage for all European households and 5G coverage for all populated areas by 2030. The investment required to meet these targets is substantial. It has been estimated that an additional €150bn of investment is needed for full 5G rollout, while another €150bn is required to upgrade existing fixed infrastructure and roll out FTTH to gigabit speeds in Europe1. Given the scale of this investment, the EC needs to promote policies that incentivise VHCN deployment; such policies (including horizontal policies that apply to all sectors) need to be developed in a holistic, rather than piecemeal manner. Without this, Europe risks being unable to realise its full digital potential.

    The aim of this report is therefore to identify and recommend improvements to European policies and regulations to better incentivise investment in VHCN, including policies related to the EC’s current consideration of changes to the Access/Costing recommendations. This includes policies within the fixed and mobile sectors as well as “horizontal” policies covering a wider number of sectors.

    Read the full executive summary and report at the link below. 

    Frontier Economics Ltd is a member of the Frontier Economics network, which consists of two separate companies based in Europe (Frontier Economics Ltd) and Australia (Frontier Economics Pty Ltd). Both companies are independently owned, and legal commitments entered into by one company do not impose any obligations on the other company in the network. All views expressed in this document are the views of Frontier Economics Ltd.
    [1]     Source BCG report for ETNO

    21 January, 2022 Read more
  • Reports

    Thinking beyond the WACC – the investment hurdle rate and the seesaw effect

    Executive summary

    The European Commission has set out ambitious goals for investment in very high-capacity networks (VHCNs). Beyond the immediate benefits these platforms confer on users, they are additionally expected to make a much broader economic contribution. This will take place via network effects, through promoting productivity growth, by enhancing social and economic resilience (as demonstrated during COVID-19) and by assisting in the process of de-carbonisation.

    21 January, 2022 Read more
  • Reports

    5G Guide for Local Communities

    Today connectivity is essential to accomplish many of our daily activities. Telecommunications  infrastructure is the backbone for digitalisation and will power an economic recovery that is smarter, greener and more inclusive. As our local and national economies recover, digital connectivity will be a central pillar to accelerate e-learning, e-health, cleaner cities, manufacturing and transport, and economic resilience.

    5G guide cover report resized

    This guide provides an overview of 5G mobile technology, including fact-based answers to frequent questions posed by decision-makers and the public alike. It also provides a variety of innovative examples across Europe that show how 5G is already helping solve some of the most pressing challenges for citizens and businesses.

    Technological innovation, in turn, has raised questions about rapid 5G deployment for national politicians, regional authorities, local governments, and of course citizens and businesses. Many are keen to understand both the benefits of the latest generation of mobile technology and the safety measures that protect our health and environment. 

    Public health concerns about mobile technologies have circulated since the introduction of 2G networks 30 years ago, but they have never been supported by accredited public agencies or by scientific consensus.

    Meanwhile, the spread of disinformation and misinformation, particularly through social media platforms during the COVID-19 pandemic, raised alarm and in some cases resulted in criminal damage to the very networks  sustaining society and businesses.

    This guide also addresses how existing international safety guidelines protect the public, with limits for exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) substantially below the level of any established health risk. In addition, it dispels some of the more common myths circulating in print, online and social media.

    Trust is key to dispelling 5G misinformation, and this guide references independent scientific studies, international public health organisations, as well as government and public authorities.

    5G will accelerate digital transformation across countries and industries so they can achieve their climate goals and build more resilient economies and supply chains[1].

    In this guide, decision-makers and citizens can learn how 5G can close the digital divide while posing no known health risks.


    21 September, 2021 Read more
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